Business Intelligence as Neighborhood Awareness
Wednesday, December 5, 2012
Posted by: Chuck Brown, Region 1 President
Traditional "number crunching” by computers has been going on for decades, as was discussed in the recent elections. When combined with Geographic Information System (GIS) technologies, notably the ESRI product line, organizations – especially government, can create a broad range of useful business intelligence applications for public consumption. By combining public service and public safety instances, profiles for neighborhoods, communities, and cities can be created for basic public information and for comparison to one another and to external standards.
Whatever our interests are, somewhere in local, state or federal government, someone is collecting, compiling, and mapping data useful to those interests. If one is relocating, it would be nice to get some profile information on communities in the new locale. As a homeowner, one might be interested in streets and transportation profiles, census demographics, social service programs/providers, and the popular "Neighborhood Watch” programs.
Law enforcement agencies have been reporting various crime statistics since the 1970's. First, there was the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting requirement, but more recently the Incident Based Reporting method, which is more comprehensive. Agencies providing public data may use either or both methods in their data collection and statistical reporting. There are several national providers of law enforcement incident data for public "subscription” and use.
In San Diego County, the Automated Regional Justice Information System (ARJIS) receives near-real-time data from the two largest agencies (the Sheriff's Department and the San Diego Police Department). All other city police departments, at other non-municipal police agencies, are moving to real-time systems that will publish data to ARJIS. ARJIS, in turn, is publishing the incident data to the Omega Group's "Crime Mapping.com” website. Your local departments may be publishing their reporting data to Omega, to one of the other information providers, or to the local media (see LA Times below).
Omega Group: http://www.crimemapping.com/
Trulia (real estate & crime): http://www.trulia.com/crime/
Crime Reports: https://www.crimereports.com/
Spot Crime: http://www.spotcrime.com/
LA Times Article: http://projects.latimes.com/mapping-la/crime/